Banknote characters: peasants of the artist Shadr and an unknown artist

[24.04.2020 13:23:34]

In the 1920s, when new Soviet money was being created, the question arose as to what images to place on it. Along with workers and Red Army soldiers on the banknotes appeared peasants - representatives of the class with whom the new government has long and hard to establish relations.

On issued banknotes peasant appeared three times: on the state banknote 15 000 rubles in 1923, on the ticket of the State Bank of the USSR in 1924 with the dignity of 3 chervonets, as well as on the three-ruble treasury ticket issued in the same year - along with the smith. The images on the first two banknotes were drawn from the sculptures of Ivan Shadr "Peasant" (state banknote) and "Sower" (State Bank ticket), made by him specially for Goznak.

In the early 1920s, artists offered to place a peasant drawn from Shadr's sculpture - a broad-shouldered and heavyweight man with a careful eye - on State Bank tickets of 3, 5 and 10 chervontsev, as well as on a five-ruble banknote, which eventually was not realized.

One of the first sketches of banknotes with the image of a peasant was prepared in 1921 by an unknown artist. On the design drawing of the state sign of the RSFSR worth 250 rubles was placed a peasant sower. He stands in a field, on the river bank. On the other bank one can see the factory pipes and the outlines of either the Kremlin or churches. Attention is drawn to the sower's clothing: a red shirt and light ports, on his legs - paws. It is such a man's suit "put on" the peasant most artists who created posters, illustrations, etc. in the early Soviet period. Such a "wardrobe", as well as the presence of a beard, which we see and the peasant on the sketch, served as a clear marker that the viewer - a villager.

The project did not go into further work - it was done very primitively, without taking into account the requirements of protection and technology. Only this drawing was preserved in the collection of Goznak JSC.