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Thanks to the catalog of the "Mur & Merilise" trading house, today we can find out what presents were exchanged in the 19th century and how much one could pay for toys from the capital's expensive stores. For example, in the 1890s the cost of dolls ranged from 35 kopeks to 5 rubles and up. The average salary of a Moscow professor at that time was 275 rubles a month; a worker received on average 14 rubles a month.
Tangerines and champagne were not always the main symbols of the New Year: not everyone could afford them. For example, at the end of the 19th century tangerines cost 1 ruble 45 kopes a dozen. For this money, you could buy two chickens (70 kopeks apiece) or 2.5 kg of pork (55 kopeks per kg). For a bottle of French champagne at the beginning of the 20th century you had to pay 5 rubles 50 kopeks.
In Soviet times, people prepared for the main feast of the year in advance: they stood in huge lines, "got" scarce tangerines, and bought expensive champagne. In 1938, for example, Soviet champagne semi-dry, dry and sweet cost 18, 17 and 20 rubles accordingly (the salary of a Soviet worker in those years was about 200 rubles).
In October 2020, the Bank of Russia put into circulation a commemorative 25-ruble coin dedicated to the selfless work of medical workers. The Museum of the History of Money presents the coin itself, as well as materials related to its creation.
On September 5 (September 17), 1857 Konstantin Tsiolkovsky was born. He is a world-known scientist, author of numerous scientific works and articles on aeronautics, rocket science and cosmonautics.
The Russian money museum of JSC Goznak presents an almost complete collection of Russian "Taurian" coins of the 80s of the XVIII century. In the epoch of Catherine II they were minted at the mint in Feodosia, which was inherited from the Crimean khans.
With the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, the most common mail from the army were letters - "triangles" - in a special folded regular sheets of paper. Such letters were sent for free and did not require envelopes and stamps. Issue of postal envelopes sharply reduced, but very popular were postcard cards, production of which was engaged in factories Goznak. The approved designs of such cards were presented at the exhibition "Signs of Victory" in the House of Stock Capital.
On 12-14 July 1937, Soviet pilots: colonel M.M. Gromov, major A.B. Yumashev and engineer of the 3rd rank S.A. Danilin made a non-stop flight on the route Moscow - North Pole - San Giacinto by ANT-25 aircraft.  Afterwards medal was dedicated to this event.
In our Museum you can see "efimki with a sign" - Western European silver thalers, stamped with a Moscow kopeck. These coins were in circulation in Russia from 1655 to 1659, and played the role of money signs of large denomination (the value of "efimki with a sign" was determined in 64 kopecks).
Among the exhibits of the new temporary exhibition "Victory Signs" prepared by the Russian money museum of JSC Goznak are postage stamps dedicated to the Great Patriotic War. It will be possible to see them - and other exhibits - as soon as the restrictions on non-state museums are lifted.
The Russian money museum has launched on its website a system of preliminary booking of entrance tickets. Only those tickets that have not been previously booked will be available for free sale.
The Russian money museum of Goznak JSC released the album "Unissued money: back in the design history of paper money in Russia". In this book the history of designing of Russian paper money in Expedition of storing state papers - Goznak is for the first time systematically stated.
In the North-West of Russia during the Civil War, the banknotes of the Field Treasury of the North-Western Front, signed by General Nicholai Yudenich, who acted against the Bolsheviks, went into circulation. In June 1919, he was appointed by Alexander Kolchak commander-in-chief of all Russian land and naval forces on the North-Western Front. Among the population these money marks were called "wings" or "petrogrades". Our museum exhibits these banknotes of different denominations among other money marks of the Civil War.
[14.07.2020 11:20:31]
On June 12, 1990 the First Congress of People's Deputies of the RSFSR adopted the Declaration of State Sovereignty of the RSFSR. In memory of this event June 12 is annually celebrated as the Day of Russia. In the same year artists of Goznak began to design the first tickets of the Bank of Russia. Portraits of famous people - Yuri Gagarin, Vladimir Surikov, K.E. Tsiolkovsky, Alexander Pushkin and others - could have appeared on them. However, as a result, the first paper money of Russia were quite different banknotes. They were put into circulation after the collapse of the USSR and were the first banknotes without Soviet symbols that appeared after 1919.
[14.07.2020 11:07:09]
In addition to "walruses" and "tchaikovky", the so-called "northern rubles" were also circulating in the territory of Northern Russia.
On November 11, 1918 the Provisional Government of the Northern Region decided to issue credit tickets for Northern Russia. "Northern rubles" were backed by  gold and foreign currency at the rate of 40 rubles for 1 pound sterling and printed in England. As guarantees, allies were given the preferential right to exploit the forest resources of the Northern region.
The Russian money museum is ready to resume its work immediately after the ban on visitors is lifted. All necessary preparations have already been made: a route for visitors has been developed, markings made, sanitary inspectors installed.
The Russian money museum presents a collection of money from the Civil War. Among them - the famous "walruses", decorated with the famous graphic artist Sergey Chekhonin.
The temporary exhibition "Victory Signs" presents a sample medal "For the Defense of the Soviet Polar Region" among other wartime awards. This medal was established in 1944 and was awarded to servicemen and civilians who took active part in the defense of the Soviet Polar Region from fascist invaders.
The designer of the Soviet gold chervonets, first issued in 1923, was a medalist Anton Vasyutinsky. The archives of JSC Goznak have preserved variants of sketches of this coin, made by him in 1922 - 1923.
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