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On September 5 (September 17), 1857 Konstantin Tsiolkovsky was born. He is a world-known scientist, author of numerous scientific works and articles on aeronautics, rocket science and cosmonautics.
The Russian money museum of JSC Goznak presents an almost complete collection of Russian "Taurian" coins of the 80s of the XVIII century. In the epoch of Catherine II they were minted at the mint in Feodosia, which was inherited from the Crimean khans.
With the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, the most common mail from the army were letters - "triangles" - in a special folded regular sheets of paper. Such letters were sent for free and did not require envelopes and stamps. Issue of postal envelopes sharply reduced, but very popular were postcard cards, production of which was engaged in factories Goznak. The approved designs of such cards were presented at the exhibition "Signs of Victory" in the House of Stock Capital.
On 12-14 July 1937, Soviet pilots: colonel M.M. Gromov, major A.B. Yumashev and engineer of the 3rd rank S.A. Danilin made a non-stop flight on the route Moscow - North Pole - San Giacinto by ANT-25 aircraft.  Afterwards medal was dedicated to this event.
In our Museum you can see "efimki with a sign" - Western European silver thalers, stamped with a Moscow kopeck. These coins were in circulation in Russia from 1655 to 1659, and played the role of money signs of large denomination (the value of "efimki with a sign" was determined in 64 kopecks).
Among the exhibits of the new temporary exhibition "Victory Signs" prepared by the Russian money museum of JSC Goznak are postage stamps dedicated to the Great Patriotic War. It will be possible to see them - and other exhibits - as soon as the restrictions on non-state museums are lifted.
The Russian money museum has launched on its website a system of preliminary booking of entrance tickets. Only those tickets that have not been previously booked will be available for free sale.
The Russian money museum of Goznak JSC released the album "Unissued money: back in the design history of paper money in Russia". In this book the history of designing of Russian paper money in Expedition of storing state papers - Goznak is for the first time systematically stated.
In the North-West of Russia during the Civil War, the banknotes of the Field Treasury of the North-Western Front, signed by General Nicholai Yudenich, who acted against the Bolsheviks, went into circulation. In June 1919, he was appointed by Alexander Kolchak commander-in-chief of all Russian land and naval forces on the North-Western Front. Among the population these money marks were called "wings" or "petrogrades". Our museum exhibits these banknotes of different denominations among other money marks of the Civil War.
[14.07.2020 11:20:31]
On June 12, 1990 the First Congress of People's Deputies of the RSFSR adopted the Declaration of State Sovereignty of the RSFSR. In memory of this event June 12 is annually celebrated as the Day of Russia. In the same year artists of Goznak began to design the first tickets of the Bank of Russia. Portraits of famous people - Yuri Gagarin, Vladimir Surikov, K.E. Tsiolkovsky, Alexander Pushkin and others - could have appeared on them. However, as a result, the first paper money of Russia were quite different banknotes. They were put into circulation after the collapse of the USSR and were the first banknotes without Soviet symbols that appeared after 1919.
[14.07.2020 11:07:09]
In addition to "walruses" and "tchaikovky", the so-called "northern rubles" were also circulating in the territory of Northern Russia.
On November 11, 1918 the Provisional Government of the Northern Region decided to issue credit tickets for Northern Russia. "Northern rubles" were backed by  gold and foreign currency at the rate of 40 rubles for 1 pound sterling and printed in England. As guarantees, allies were given the preferential right to exploit the forest resources of the Northern region.
The Russian money museum is ready to resume its work immediately after the ban on visitors is lifted. All necessary preparations have already been made: a route for visitors has been developed, markings made, sanitary inspectors installed.
The Russian money museum presents a collection of money from the Civil War. Among them - the famous "walruses", decorated with the famous graphic artist Sergey Chekhonin.
The temporary exhibition "Victory Signs" presents a sample medal "For the Defense of the Soviet Polar Region" among other wartime awards. This medal was established in 1944 and was awarded to servicemen and civilians who took active part in the defense of the Soviet Polar Region from fascist invaders.
The designer of the Soviet gold chervonets, first issued in 1923, was a medalist Anton Vasyutinsky. The archives of JSC Goznak have preserved variants of sketches of this coin, made by him in 1922 - 1923.
Lenin's portrait was invariably depicted on Soviet banknotes for over half a century. Calls to remove Lenin's image from the banknotes appeared from time to time, but one day such an offer was particularly loud - in the poem "Get Lenin out of Money" by the young poet Andrey Voznesensky published in 1967. Following the ideas of the futurists, the poet-sixties Voznesensky boldly suggested replacing the portrait of Lenin: the sacred symbol of the Soviet power, in his opinion, should not be "littered" in the gastronomes. Party figures saw in these lines criticism of the Central Committee and the opposition of the party line to Lenin's covenants.
The word "coin" is associated with a metal product of round or, more precisely, cylindrical shape. However, not all coins are like this. In the past, there were very common square coins, which are called "Klippe". Less common were  "plateaus" - square (or rectangular) coins of large sizes. Some of them are represented in the Museum.
During the Great Patriotic War many new awards were established - orders and medals. However, the symbols of victory over fascism were two: the Order of Victory, which was awarded the highest military leaders, and the Order of Patriotic War - the first order, established after its beginning. To see samples of the Order of Patriotic War, made in 1942, will be available at the exhibition "Signs of Victory" in the Russian money Museum.
Dreams of Peter the Great about Russia, the great sea power, were also reflected in coins that were issued during his reign. Under Peter the Great the minting of gold coins – chervonets started and for two years, in 1710 and 1711, the coins depicted an unusual coat of arms - a double-headed eagle, which holds maps in his paws and beaks. These are maps of the seas to which Russia had exits in 1710: the White, Caspian, Azov and Baltic seas. In 1711 the minting of such coins was stopped.
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