Unique coins, punches, extremely rare banknotes (including unapproved design projects of banknotes) are exhibited in the museum. Many of the items are shown to the public for the first time.
Numismatics: unique exhibits
1. Silver ruble of 1654.
The first russian silver ruble minted during the reign of Tsar Alexey Mikhailovich. It was reminted out of the West European thaler. Only a few dozens of such coins are known today.
2. Chervonets (ducat) of 1701.
It was in fact the first gold coin of mass regular minting for circulation. It was minted according to the weight of ducat ( 3,5 gr) - an international gold coin of that time.
3. Chervonets (ducat) of 1701.
Another rare coin of Peter the Great's time. It is interesting first of all because of the heraldic composition on the reverse – an eagle holding maps of four seas (Baltic, Caspian, Azov and White) is depicted. It symbolized the “sea” vector of the Russian politics during the whole reign of Peter the Great. .
4. Silver ruble of 1724.
The ruble of 1724 is considered to be the first product of the Saint Petersburg mint. The coin is not rare nevertheless it has a special value for the history of the Saint Petersburg Mint.
5. Silver ruble of 1740 ( test coin, restrike).
An extremely rare trial ruble. After the death of Empress Anna, her grandnephew infant Ivan (under the name of Ioann III) was proclaimed the heir. The coins traditionally had a portrait of the monarch, but it turned out to be a difficult task to depict a three-month-old infant. As a result, it was offered to mint a ruble with the emperor's monogram that hadn't been approved (eventually the coin of Ivan III for circulation was struck with a portrait). Only a few rubles with the monogram have been preserved. The exhibited ruble is a restrike of the 19th century minted with the original punches.
6. Silver ruble of 1796 (test coin, restrike).
After the death of Empress Catherine II, a trial ruble with the portrait of the new monarch (Paul I) was minted. Paul rejected it, and the coins with his portrait had never been in circulation. In the 19th century, restrikes of this rare coin were minted using the original punches.
7. Silver 1½ rouble – 10 zloty of 1836.
This rare coin was dedicated to the 10th anniversary of enthronement of Nicholas I using the design of the West-European coins. Nicholas I, the Empress and their 7 children are depicted on the coin. The coin was struck in two lots – trial was presented to Nicholas I in 1835, and a larger one was minted in 1836.
8. Chervonets of 1925.
Chervonets is a very rare trial coin with the coat of arms of the USSR (chervonets of 1923 had been strucked with the coat of arms of the RSFSR previously). Only five coins are known to exist; two of them are preserved at the State Museum of Fine Arts in Moscow and three are in Goznak's collection.
9. Ruble and 50 kopeks of 1962.
As a result of the currency reform, new Soviet coins with the denominations from 1 kopek up to 1 ruble were issued in 1961. Trial 50 kopeks and 1 ruble were minted in a year. One variant of the ruble has the portrait of Vladimir Lenin, on the other a view of the Moscow Kremlin is depicted. These are extremely rare trial coins known to exist in only a few pieces.
10. Trial coins of 1970 dedicated to the 100th anniversary of Vladimir Lenin’s birthdate.
A commemorative coin minting program was prepared for Lenin’s jubilee. Goznak’s collection contains unique trial gold coins planned to be minted in 1970. They were not produced in a series. Only rubles of non-precious metal were minted in huge numbers.
11. Trial coins of 1995 and 1998.
A few series of trial coins were produced in 1995 and 1998 within the monetary reform. Various designs were created with the images of famous monuments of Russia - the Bronze Horseman, the 1000 Years of Russia monument, the monument to Minin and Pozharskiy in Moscow, the Golden Gates in Vladimir. Eventually the coins with another design were chosen for mass minting. These trial coins are unique and had never been exhibited before.
Bonistics: unique exhibits
1. The state assignations of the first type - 25 rubles of 1769 and 100 rubles of 1779.
Only few assignations of the 18th century remained, and the majority of them are of the 1786 series. Assignations of 1769 issue (the first Russian paper money) are extremely rare.
2. Assignation projects of the 19th century.
In 1802 – 1803, it was planed to issue assignations of the new series. In spite of the fact that they were printed, it was later decided not to put them into circulation, and the whole lot was destroyed. Only a few pieces of original banknotes remained. In 1822, it was planned to put assignations with the denomination of 20 rubles into circulation. The project was not realized, but trial assignations remained and are displayed in the showcase.
3. Projects of the state credit notes of the 1843 series.
In 1843, during Kankrin's reform, new currency units - the state credit notes - were issued. Project drawings of the notes with the inscriptions of the supreme approval are on display also. These are unique pieces never exhibited before.
4. Project drawings of banknotes of 1860.
The state banknotes of a new series were put into circulation in 1866. Great preparation works – re-equipment of the Expedition of Storing State Papers and search for the best solution of the new banknote design – preceded it. Drawings made in 1860 by artists A.I. Dyutak and N.A. Sauerweid reflect the first stage of the banknote design.
5. A project of the state banknote of the 1887 series by Adolf I. Charlemagne.
State banknotes of the new model with different face values were put into circulation in 1887. It was intended to issue a state banknote with the face value of 1000 roubles. One of the preparatory drawings of the note made by Adolf I. Charlemagne and dated 1884 is displayed. As a result, the decision about issuing a banknote with such a high face value was never made, and the 100-rouble banknote remained the largest denomination in Russia until 1898.
6. The approved project of a state credit note of the model of 1909 with the face value of 5 roubles.
Credit notes of a new model with a few different face values were issued in 1909. The first printed note with the face value of 5 roubles was stitched to special cardboard, sealed and sent to Emperor Nikolay II for approval. He wrote the approving resolution himself, and Peter Stolypin, Chairman of the Council of Ministers, verified it. The cardboard with the note and two autographs is exhibited in the showcase.
7. The approved project of the 1-kopeck stamp with the signature of Nikolay Krestinskiy, People's Commissar of Finance of the RSFSR.
In 1915, the pressure for money forced to take an exceptional measure - printing of postage stamps of the model of 1913 on thick paper with overprinting was started. They were to circulate as currency units. The issue of such stamp money was very intense and continued for a few years even after 1917. However, in 1919 it was decided to issue money stamps with a new design corresponding to the epoch. The project of the stamp with the face value of 1 kopeck with a sword cutting a chain was approved by Nikolay Krestinskiy, People's Commissar of Finance of the RSFSR on March 19, 1919. The project with Krestinskiy's autograph is shown in the exposition. Apparently, the increasing inflation made the issue of such money inexpedient, and matters didn't come to its mass production.
8. Project drawings of the Soviet banknotes of the 1920s - 1940s.
In those years the design of the new Soviet paper money - the state banknotes and the notes of the State Bank of the USSR - was developed. Their sketch projects are preserved at the funds of Goznak; some of them are exhibited here. Projects by Ivan Dubasov made at the premium artistic level occupy a special place among them.
The Saint Petersburg Mint has the only large collection of tools for coin and medal minting of the 18th – 19th centuries. They are original punches that were applied in the work. Their authors were great medal artists of the time: Y.Y. Reichel, P.A. Utkin, L.H. Steinman, A.F. Vasyutinskiy, N.A. Sokolov.
Coin punches of the 19th – 20th centuries, including those produced for commemorative coins of the 19th – the beginning of the 20th centuries: the rouble of 1834 dedicated to opening of Alexander’s Column in Saint Petersburg; the coronation rouble of Alexander III of 1883; the rare “Gangut” rouble of 1914, the minting of which was stopped at the beginning of the World war I and continued in the 1920s for sales abroad are displayed at the History of Money Exposition.
Some of the tools demonstrate the whole cycle of coin production; from the punch manufacture up to the ready piece minting.
Totally over a hundred items referring to tools are displayed at the exposition.